|History of Caldwell County,
As written in the 1876 Atlas
of Caldwell County Missouri
The Mormon Exodus
surrender took place in November. The days were cold and bleak; but the Gentiles clamored
for the instant removal of the Mormons. The old and young, the sick and feeble, delicate
women and suckling chilren, almost without food and clothing, were compelled to abandon
their homes and firesides to seek new ones in a distant State. Valuable farms were traded
for a yoke of oxen, an old wagon, or anything that would furnish the means of
transportation. Many of the poorer classes were compelled to walk. Before half their
journey was accomplished, the chilly blasts of winter howled about them, and added to
their general discomfort. The suffering which they endured on this forced march though
great, was soon forgotten in the prosperity of Nauvoo, their new asylum. Their trials and
sufferings, instead of damping the ardor of the Saints, increased it a hundred-fold: 'The
blood of the martyrs became the seed of the church'.
years 1838 and 1839, the greater part of the Mormons passed from our borders. But there
were some whose eyes had been opened to the folly of their leaders, and who denounced
injustice whether committed by saints or sinners John Whitmer, who had selected the site
of Far West, refused to follow the leadership of Joseph Smith farther, and still resides
on his farm near the ruins of the town he had located. David Whitmer, the Bozarchs, George
Walters, Abner Scoville, Avery Smith, and others remained, and have recained the respect
of all for their good qualities and kind acts.
of the Mormons reduced the population of the County from six thousand to less than one
thousand; but the deserted farms and houses offered inducements to emigration that was not
despised, and new settlers rapidly filled the places of the departed hosts.
Crosby Johnson, An Illustrated Historical Atlas of Caldwell County, Missouri.
1876. Edwards Brothers
Change of County Seat
Burning of Records
Since the War
Soil & Products